On October 16, 2002, Pope St. John Paul II shared with the faithful his apostolic letter entitled Rosarium Virginis Mariae (The Rosary of the Virgin Mary). In that letter, the word “contemplate” appears sixty-seven times. The way “contemplation” is used in the letter does not mean infused contemplation, which is something that cannot be produced, but “to think about.” The repeated use of this word strongly suggests we reflect on the mysteries of the rosary as we pray it.
This might come as a shock to most of us who have been taught to concentrate on every word that is being said. It might also seem odd to think about something while saying the rosary because praying vocally and reflecting on something else does not instinctively go together. But that is exactly what is being advocated. Blessed Archbishop Fulton Sheen said about the rosary:
“It is a prayer that has a beautiful combination. I don’t think there is any prayer in the world that has the combination of the rosary. First of all, it is vocal: we say some prayers with our lips. Secondly, it’s mental because as we say, for example, the Hail Mary, [but] we are not so much concentrating on the Hail Mary; we are thinking about the mystery.
It is very much as if we were in a theater, and there’s beautiful music in [the] back of a speaking voice. Now the speaking voice is the Hail Mary; the music behind it is the meditation.
Then in addition to the mental of the prayer (the thought) and the vocal (the prayer itself), there is the physical – the movement of the fingers over the beads.”
Similarly, Bishop Barron says vocal prayer is meant to slow us down, and the repetitive prayers of the rosary are meant to bring us to a meditative state. Adding to that, Pope Benedict XVI said:
“…repetition is a way of settling oneself into the rhythm of tranquility. It’s not so much a matter of consciously concentrating on the meaning of each single word, but allowing myself on the contrary to be carried away by the calm repetition and of steady rhythm. So much more so, since this text does not lack content. It brings great images and visions and above all the figure of Mary – and then, through her, the figure of Jesus – before my eyes and in my soul.”
If we are to imitate these theological giants in the way they pray the rosary, we will do three things at the same time: pray vocally, use the beads as a counter (to know when to say the Our Father, Hail Mary, and Glory Be), and reflect on the current mystery we are praying.
It may take time to learn to pray the rosary this way, but nothing is easy at first. Here are some suggestions on how to do this.
- After announcing each mystery (for example, “the third joyful mystery is the nativity,”) put yourself in the scene. Construct the scene as if you were watching a movie. Imagine who are in the scene. What are they doing or saying, and how are they doing these? Imagine the setting. What is it like? Is it a lonely place, or is the scene brimming with people? Is it day? Night? Are the characters inside our outside? Imagine the scene as best you can. If you can, actually put yourself in the scene by being one of the silent characters (or a fly on the wall) who is quietly witnessing the scene.
- As you say the vocal prayers, let your mind progress through the scene. For example in the mystery of the nativity, you can start with Joseph, with Mary on a donkey, making their way to Bethlehem. You can imagine that Joseph is very optimistic about having a place to stay in Bethlehem because he has relatives there. On the second Hail Mary, you can imagine Joseph arriving in Bethlehem and his relatives are so sorry they have no room. It is not that they don’t want to accommodate them, but the influx of transients brought about by the census has filled every available space. On the third Hail Mary, even when Joseph goes to the local inns, they are fully occupied and they are turned away. On the fourth Hail Mary, you can imagine Mary beginning to go into the labor so Joseph must get any available place for as long as it is private because the act of giving birth requires it. So Joseph and Mary settle for the only available space no other human would take: an animal stable inside a dark and smelly cave.
- Put Christ is in each of the mysteries of the rosary. In the Annunciation, for example, he is incarnated inside Mary’s womb when she says, “Behold I am the handmaid of the Lord, be it done to me according to your word.” He is inside Mary’s womb when she visits Elizabeth. Together with the Father, Christ sends the Holy Spirit on Pentecost. Christ receives his mother at her Assumption. And Christ enthrones his mother when she becomes queen, the way Solomon does with his mother Bathsheba. Let us allow Mary to bring us to her son in every mystery.
- Fill in what scripture doesn’t explicitly mention. Scripture wasn’t meant to record all the details, so we can say many unimportant minutiae were purposely left out. When reflecting on the mysteries, we can ponder on these missing details. For example, when Joseph and Mary lost Jesus in the temple, it would be interesting to ask ourselves where he slept and what he ate for three days. When meditating on the Crowning of Thorns, for example, we can ask ourselves why Christ doesn’t instinctively remove it. Maybe he has no more strength after the scourging. Or maybe the answer is simpler: his hands were in shackles. Let your mind investigate the scenes and they will have more texture.
- Consider a different angle. As we pray this way, we will usually have a certain “camera angle” when imagining these scenes. It might be good to see it from a different angle too. So, imagine you are a movie director and situate the camera in a different place. For example, if we imagine the Annunciation with Mary and Gabriel in the foreground and there is a window behind them, try viewing the scene as if you were a person viewing the scene from the window. Imagine what the room looks like from that angle.
- Read the Gospels. To create vivid images in our heads, we need our minds to be fertile. The way to do this is to read the Gospels because they tell about Christ and what he taught, thought, and did. It is difficult to produce something out of nothing; we must have a starting point and let our imagination do the rest. Read the Gospels prayerfully and try to get more detail out of it. When we do this, it is almost sure to produce images when we reflect on the scenes of the different mysteries.
- Let God touch you. As you pray this way, there may be times that a scene you are meditating on may make you emotional or inspired. You can stop and stick with that scene for a while. This is the way God talks to us and it would be nice to respond, as one should do when spoken to. We can respond vocally with our own words, but tears, laughter, or an intense inspiration or resolution can be enough. When this is over, you can return to where you left off in the rosary. Saint Pope John Paul II sometimes had to stop in between mysteries because they get him very emotionally exhausting – not that that is the goal, but it does happen to popes and it can happen to us too.
Don’t get discouraged if you get distracted or forget to ponder on the mysteries, the important thing is to pray the rosary. Never give in to the temptation that you think you are not good at it. You are not alone because we all struggle in prayer. Instead, ask your guardian angel to help you pray, or even better, to join you. He will help you keep focused, and in the proper mindset of prayer. Don’t stop praying the rosary for its heartbeat is the phrase “blessed is the fruit of your womb, Jesus.” Let it beat with yours in praise for him.