The Theology of St. Louis de Montfort has placed Mary as part of the redemptive process, which has resulted in her being called co-redemptrix. This title is often misunderstood, but it in no way supplants the Redemptive activity of Christ Jesus. Again, we follow the insights of the Association of Mary, Queen of All Hearts. They explain Mary’s co-redemptive activities in the following way;
Modern theology sees an added title to Mary’s queenship, that of conquest, in her cooperation with Christ at the foot of the Cross. But Montfort lays no particular stress on this argument since it is already eminently included in her consent to the redemptive Incarnation. One must remember that the term “redemption” means “ransom” in the ancient language in which the concept was conceived. Jesus could not have been the price, or ransom, paid by God the Father, if not got Mary.
There is another reason for Mary’s queenly elevation that Montfort recalls in his writings and which we will mention briefly here. It is her deep humility. As our saint puts it: ”As a recompense for her profound humility, God has empowered her and commissioned her to fill with saints the empty thrones from which the apostate angels fell by pride. This is the will of the Most High who exalts the humble, that heaven, earth and hell bend, with good will or bad will, to the commandments of the humble Mary.”
Secondly, her empire extends over the souls of Purgatory. Montfort often speaks of Mary’s intervention in behalf of the suffering souls of Purgatory and in one of his poems mentions explicitly that she is the Sovereign of Purgatory.
Thirdly, even hell feels the effect of her queenly power. The historic enmity established between her and Satan will continue to the end of the world. Montfort loves to dwell on Mary’s power to crush the demons. ”The most terrible of all the enemies which God has set up against the devil is His holy Mother Mary. He has inspired her, even since the days of the earthly paradise, though she existed then only in His idea, with so much ingenuity in unveiling the malice of that ancient serpent, with so much power to conquer, to overthrow and to crush that proud, impious rebel, that he fears her not only more than all angels and men. "But in a sense more than God Himself… first, because Satan, being proud, suffers infinitely more from being beaten and punished by a little and humble handmaid of God, and her humility humbles him more than the divine power; and, secondly, because God has given Mary such great power against the devils, that they have been obliged to confess, in spite of themselves . . . (that) they fear one of her sighs for a soul more than the prayers of all the saints, and one of her threats against them more than all other torments.”
This opposition will gain increasing momentum towards the end of the world. At that time when Satan will do his utmost to lead souls to damnation. At this time especially, the Blessed Virgin will come to the aid of her faithful servants and followers. And by the deployment of her queenly power and grace, will grant them ultimate victory over the powers of hell.
Fourthly, and finally, Mary is Queen of earth where everything is subject to her power. Even material things are included in her dominion. As well as the course of events which she can arrange for the good of the elect. ”She so disposes things from afar that she may exempt her servants from all sorts of evils. And obtain for them all sorts of blessings.”
But the primary exercise of her queenship on earth is wrought in the interior realm of grace. It is in the souls and hearts of men that Mary’s sovereign power is fully displayed.
This is the very center of Montfort’s teaching on the queenship. Mary is above all and before all the Queen of Hearts. ”Now, as the kingdom of Jesus Christ consists principally in the heart or interior of man – according to the words: ”The kingdom of God is within you” – in like manner the kingdom of Our Blessed Lady is principally in the interior of man; that is to say, his soul. And it is principally in souls that she is more glorified with her Son than in all visible creatures. And so, we can call her, as the saints do, the Queen of all Hearts.”
Montfort conceives this domination over souls as a veritable right of property, and not a simple power of intercession. Just as Christ has an absolute dominion over all creation by right of nature and conquest. So, too, Mary, who was inseparably united with Him in the entire economy of salvation, shares in this dominion by grace.
Her authority does not lessen the supreme autonomy of Christ, any more than her Mediation of grace destroys the text of St. Paul proclaiming the unity of the Mediator between God and Man: Unus mediator inter Deum et homines: Homo Christus Jesus. Mary’s queenship is in an order apart and goes beyond the laws of human analogy. Her power is subordinate to and dependent on Christ. And yet, at the same time is one with Christ, to the extent that both possess the same rights and privileges. Both have the same subjects, servants, and slaves.
From these doctrinal considerations of Mary’s queenship, Montfort immediately outlines the practical applications which constitute the greater part of his spiritual writings; and which find their culmination in his act of perfect consecration to Jesus through Mary, our Mother, our Mediatrix and Queen. Montfort points out the varied powers of Our Lady. They all derive from Our Lord, but He denies nothing to His Mother. The union of the hearts of Jesus and Mary form an indomitable power which crushes the power of Hell. The union cannot be undone by evil, so it is a source of fear for the evil minions. As the last line of a powerful prayer to this union states; “Holy and Sacred Wounds of the United Hearts of Jesus and Mary, answer my prayer.”