Saint Agnes of Rome (January 21st, 291 - c. 304) was a Christian martyr and virgin saint of the Roman Catholic Church. She is the patron saint of young girls and chastity.
Agnes was born in Rome to a wealthy Roman Christian family and lived during the reign of Diocletian, a Roman Emperor who was known for his persecution of Christians. When Agnes was 12 or 13 years old, she refused to marry a pagan nobleman, thereby sacrificing her wealth and social standing. The nobleman reported her to Roman authorities as a Christian, and she was arrested and put to death on the orders of the Prefect Sempronius.
Saint Agnes was martyred on the Via Nomentana in Rome on January 21st, 304. She was buried on the Via Nomentana in Rome, and her tomb became a site of veneration. She was canonized in the 4th century, and her feast day is celebrated on January 21st. She is often depicted in art with a lamb, which is a symbol of her innocence and purity. Agnes is one of the seven women mentioned in the Roman Canon of the Mass. In the Middle Ages, her name was given to girls born on her feast day.
Saint Agnes is remembered for her faith, courage, and devotion to Christ. She is an example of how a young person can stand up for their beliefs and remain faithful to God in the face of great difficulty.