Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (born c. 315, died March 18th, 386) was a theologian and bishop of Jerusalem in the 4th century. He is a Church Father and is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Catholic Church. He is considered one of the most important figures in the development of Christian theology.
Saint Cyril is best known for his role in the Council of Constantinople in 381, which affirmed the doctrine of the Trinity and the full divinity of Jesus Christ. He also played a significant role in the development of the liturgy of the Church and is known for his catechetical lectures, which were given to new converts to Christianity. He is the patron saint of catechists and is considered one of the most important saints of the Eastern Church.
Cyril was born in Jerusalem, around the year 315. He was well-educated and was appointed as Bishop of Jerusalem in 349. During his tenure as bishop, he faced several controversies, including the Arian heresy, which denied the full divinity of Jesus Christ. He also had to deal with political and social unrest in the city. Despite these challenges, he was able to establish a strong Christian community in Jerusalem and his catechetical lectures were influential in the spread of Christianity in the region.
Cyril was exiled twice during his life, first in 356 and again in 367. He spent several years in Tarsus and in Constantinople before returning to Jerusalem. He died in Jerusalem on March 18th, 386 and was buried in the city.
Saint Cyril was canonized as a saint by the Catholic Church in 1883. His feast day is celebrated on March 18th.
In summary, Saint Cyril of Jerusalem is known for his contributions to the development of Christian theology and liturgy. He is remembered for his role in the Council of Constantinople, his catechetical lectures, and his defense of the doctrine of the Trinity. He is also remembered for his strong leadership as bishop of Jerusalem during difficult times and for his dedication to the education of new converts to Christianity.