Saint Stanislaus, also known as Stanislaus of Szczepanów, was a Catholic bishop and martyr who lived in the 11th century. He is the patron saint of Poland and Krakow, and is venerated as a martyr and a defender of the Church.
Born in Szczepanów, Poland, in the year 1030, Stanislaus was ordained a priest and later became the bishop of Krakow. During his tenure as bishop, he was known for his strong defense of the Church and his efforts to root out corruption and simony. He also worked to improve the lives of the poor and oppressed, and was a strong advocate for the rights of the clergy.
One of the most significant events in Stanislaus' life occurred in 1079, when he excommunicated King Boleslaus II of Poland for his immoral behavior and mistreatment of the Church. This led to a conflict between the king and the bishop, and ultimately resulted in Stanislaus' martyrdom at the hands of the king's henchmen.
After his death, Stanislaus quickly became a popular cult figure and was venerated as a martyr by the people of Poland. In 1253, Pope Innocent IV canonized him as a saint, and his feast day is celebrated on April 11th, the date of his death.
Saint Stanislaus is also associated with some interesting facts. For example, the Basilica of Saint Stanislaus in Krakow is built on the site of his martyrdom, and contains his remains. Additionally, he is said to have performed several miracles during his lifetime, including healing the sick and raising the dead.
In summary, Saint Stanislaus is best known for his strong defense of the Church, his efforts to root out corruption, and his advocacy for the rights of the clergy.