Saint John Henry Newman was a prominent figure in the 19th century, who played a crucial role in the religious, intellectual and cultural life of England. He was born in London on February 21st, 1801.
John Henry Newman is remembered for his contributions as a scholar, preacher, and a leader in the Catholic Church. He was a fellow of Oriel College, Oxford and was a well-known Anglican clergyman. He converted to Catholicism in 1845 and went on to become a Catholic priest. His writings on religion and theology continue to be widely read and studied.
One of his most famous works, “Apologia Pro Vita Sua,” is a spiritual autobiography that chronicled his journey of conversion, from the Anglican Church to Catholicism. This work provides insight into his thought process and beliefs, and has been highly regarded for its elegance and honesty.
He was an educator and a scholar who believed in the importance of education as a means of personal and spiritual growth. He founded the Catholic University of Ireland and was a strong advocate of Catholic education. He believed that education should be accessible to all, and that it should be used to nurture the individual's mind and soul.
John Henry Newman is also remembered for his role in the Oxford Movement, a religious movement within the Church of England that sought to return to the traditional spiritual and liturgical practices of the Church. The movement was a response to the growing secularism and Protestantism of the time, and it helped to revive a sense of religious devotion in England.
In 1879 Pope Leo XIII made him Cardinal Deacon of Saint George in Velabro. Newman died at Birmingham in 1890 at the age of 89, and was buried with his closest friend, Ambrose St. John. His funeral mass was attended by over 10,000 people and he was buried in the cemetery of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri.
The feast day of Saint John Henry Newman is celebrated on October 9th and he was canonized by Pope Francis on October 13th, 2019.
Saint John Henry Newman is the patron saint of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools.